From Tax Competition to Tax Cooperation: An Alternative to the Race to the Bottom (Event - New York)

13 September 2017
On September 18th the Independent Commission for the Reform of Corporate Taxation, of which PSI is a member, is organising a public debate in New York to highlight the urgent need for global tax reform to stop multinational tax evasion and avoidance

Date: September 18, 2017 | Time: 18:30-20:30
Roger Smith hotel, 501 Lexington Ave, New York, NY


Fair taxation can help in fighting inequality, realizing human rights, and ensuring the implementation of the sustainable development goals (SDGs). However, a succession of reports on the scale of tax dodging by multinational corporations has cast the spotlight on the need for reform of the international tax system.


Resource mobilization is fundamental to any progress we will achieve towards the implementation of the 2030
Agenda for Sustainable Development and the eradication of poverty in all its dimensions. Among many challenges, countries must reduce excessive fiscal incentives in order to prevent tax competition from causing a large reduction of available resources, and tackle the use of tax havens.


Tax havens are the ultimate expression of the global corporate tax race to the bottom, and they have largely increased  over  the  years.  The  United  Nations  estimates  that  financing  needed  for  basic  infrastructure investment  in  developing economies is between USD  1 to 1.5 trillion annually.  According to  Zucman, this represents approximately 15% of off-shored undeclared financial holdings. According to a report by Kar and Spanjers, developing economies are estimated to have lost about US$7.8 trillion in illicit financial flows (IFFs) during 2004-2013 (US$1.09 trillion in 2013 alone).


Retaining and taxing these resources could contribute to reduce income inequality, strengthen human rights, and boost the implementation of the SDGs. Therefore, it is vital to improve and reform the taxation system and this  will  require  strengthening  cooperation  at  the  global,  regional  and  sub-regional  levels.  In  2015,  the OECD/G20 launched its Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project, aimed at ensuring that multinational corporations are taxed ‘where economic activities take place and where the value is created.’ Meanwhile, efforts to reduce international tax evasion have been bolstered by measures to increase cooperation among tax authorities, including through the automatic sharing of financial information.


This event will focus on discussing the next steps towards strengthening international cooperation in tax matters, with participants being invited to reflect, inter alia, on:
•   Should nation states compete or cooperate?
•   Is the current international tax framework fit for the current global challenges?
•   How can we strengthen the international tax framework in order to make it more just and inclusive?
•   How to prevent the “race to the bottom” and strengthen tax cooperation;
•   The  UN’s  role  in  fostering  international  cooperation  in  tax  matters,  including  the  possibility  of
establishing an intergovernmental commission on international cooperation in tax matters.


Objectives


1. To renew the debate in the United Nations on the fight against corporate tax avoidance and evasion in favor of international tax justice.


2. To contribute to the debate by governments, civil society and academia on the current global tax competition and race to the bottom challenges and to promote an exchange of experiences and concrete practices.


3. To bring together the elements necessary for building a global agenda for a global consensus against the race to the bottom and harmful tax competition.


Programme:
18:30-19:00     

Welcome & opening address
Luise Rürup, Executive Director, FES New York
José Antonio Ocampo, ICRICT Chair


19:00-20:30       Panel Discussion
Moderator:
José Antonio Ocampo, ICRICT Chair, Professor of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University

Panelists:
1 María Fernanda Espinosa, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Human Mobility of Ecuador
2 Modest Mero, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Tanzania to the United Nations
3 Representative from Indian Delegation to the United Nations (TBC)
4 Eva Joly, ICRICT Commissioner, Member of the European Parliament
5 Edmund Fitzgerald, ICRICT Commissioner, Professor of International
Development Finance, Oxford University
Q & A


20:30           

Reception

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