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The Five Best-Kept Secrets of Economics

21 May 2014
Dave Hall - PSIRU
An interview with David Hall (PSIRU) author of a major evidence-based report updated and launched on 20 May 2014 at the 9th EPSU Congress.
The report was initially published in 2010. EPSU and PSI have come together to produce this revised and updated 2014 version which we believe will provide our affiliates across the world with valuable facts, figures and arguments to defend public spending and public services and public service workers.

To give us some background to this document (which is a must-read), he explained to us what he calls the ‘five best-kept secrets of economy reality.’

1. The first is maybe the only that has gained some public traction over the past few years, and that is that austerity does not lead to growth, but rather the opposite. All historical evidence shows that austerity only leads to economic contraction. Here, we are starting to win the argument: even the IMF has now published research that shows that austerity is not working.

2. Maybe not so well known. It has to do with something called Wagner’s law (no relation to the composer) which states that over the last 140 years all economic growth has been coupled with an expansion of public spending above the level of GDP growth. This is because public spending is vital to providing for the needs of the private sector. Think infrastructure, a healthy and educated workforce and greater consumer demand.

3. Definitely the most surprising. Repeated studies, usually carried out by people that expect to find the opposite, consistently show that the private sector is no more cost-efficient than the public (and often more costly). Yet the public sector is much more effective in achieving better outcomes; the discussion on healthcare in the report puts this into sharp focus.

4. Most people might expect that spending on social security makes for a more equal society, redistributing wealth from the top to the bottom. What may be more of a surprise is that spending on public services (particularly housing and health, as well as education) is even more effective in reducing inequality. The reason for this is two-fold: these services help to close the gap in the quality of life between the richest and the poorest and, secondly, public-sector employment pays better, boosting consumer spending amongst the lowest paid.

5. So far so good. "But we can’t afford it!" you hear them cry. “You paint a rosy picture but where does the money come from?” The answer comes from an unlikely source, the IMF. It estimates that there is room for greater tax on corporate profits, high incomes and wealth and property of 11% of GDP. Think of what 11% of Europe’s GDP could do for our public services.

David explained that on the basis of these five ‘secrets’ it is obvious that the arguments for austerity are erroneous. Yet those making them are a powerful group of right-wing governments and corporate interests who seem to want to steam ahead, no matter what the consequence. We finished off this fascinating conversation by asking David whether he thought, with books like “The Spirit Level” and the insatiable growth of Piketty-mania (see Thomas Piketty, author), whether we are starting to win the argument for public services. “In terms of the intellectual debate,” he said, “it is already being won. I noticed that the OECD has put together a high-level panel on equality, which includes Piketty, Stiglitz and Krugman. So these arguments are starting to have an impact at a very high level. Trade unions have a massive role in pushing this shift in economic thinking and fighting for a kind of economy that works builds public services and works for all citizens.”

Download a PDF of the report available in English and French.

See the EPSU Congress blog for more interviews:


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